Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc.
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 02/06/2014 16:15:31)
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington , DC 20549
 
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2013
 
£
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from:                    to:                      
 
Commission file number: 001-33522
 
 
 
 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
20-2110031
(State of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
Three Riverway, Suite 300, Houston, Texas
77056
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
 
   
 
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (713) 579-0600
 
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: N/A
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
 
Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
 
Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller reporting company þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ¨ No þ
 
As of January 31, 2014 there were 63,719,640 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $.01 per share, outstanding.
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
PART 1. Financial Information
 
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
1
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2013 and June 30, 2013 (unaudited)
1
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (unaudited)
2
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and the period from November 4, 2003 (inception) to December 31, 2013 (unaudited)
3
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and the period from November 4, 2003 (inception) to December 31, 2013 (unaudited)
4
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and the period from November 4, 2003 (inception) to December 31, 2013 (unaudited)
5
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Equity for the period from June 30, 2013 to December 31, 2013 (unaudited)
6
 
 
Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements   (unaudited)
7-18
 
 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 19
 
 
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk
 33
 
 
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 34
 
 
PART II. Other Information
 35
 
 
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
 35
 
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors
 35
 
 
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 36
 
 
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 36
 
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
 36
 
 
Item 5. Other Information
 36
 
 
Item 6. Exhibits
 37
 
 
 
PART I
Item 1.   Financial Statements
 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share amount)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
December 31,
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2013
 
2013
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
12,428
 
$
15,870
 
Accounts receivable, net
 
 
93
 
 
2
 
Prepaid expenses and other currents assets
 
 
4,645
 
 
2,636
 
Inventory
 
 
542
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current assets
 
 
17,708
 
 
18,508
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
 
32,795
 
 
32,641
 
Intangible asset, net
 
 
1,020
 
 
1,060
 
Investment in joint ventures
 
 
34,856
 
 
33,311
 
Other long-term assets
 
 
2,458
 
 
2,844
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
88,837
 
$
88,364
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued expenses and accounts payable
 
$
9,709
 
$
7,632
 
Short-term bank loan
 
 
3,280
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term bank loan
 
 
1,197
 
 
2,428
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
 
 
14,186
 
 
10,060
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
 
14,186
 
 
10,060
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commitment and contingencies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value: 200,000 shares authorized: 63,720 and 63,583 shares
    issued and outstanding, respectively
 
 
637
 
 
636
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
 
225,954
 
 
224,337
 
Deficit accumulated during development stage
 
 
(157,338)
 
 
(151,741)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
 
6,287
 
 
5,958
 
Total stockholders’ equity
 
 
75,540
 
 
79,190
 
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
 
 
(889)
 
 
(886)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total equity
 
 
74,651
 
 
78,304
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
88,837
 
$
88,364
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
1

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales
 
$
5,914
 
$
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
 
 
13
 
Total revenue
 
 
5,914
 
 
13
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of sales and plant operating expenses
 
 
4,030
 
 
133
 
General and administrative expenses
 
 
2,183
 
 
3,141
 
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
472
 
 
109
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
565
 
 
570
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total costs and expenses
 
 
7,250
 
 
3,953
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating loss
 
 
(1,336)
 
 
(3,940)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating (income) expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures
 
 
 
 
400
 
Foreign currency gains
 
 
(31)
 
 
(85)
 
Interest income
 
 
(11)
 
 
(15)
 
Interest expense
 
 
122
 
 
78
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
 
(1,416)
 
 
(4,318)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: net (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
(19)
 
 
(85)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to stockholders
 
$
(1,435)
 
$
(4,403)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
$
(0.02)
 
$
(0.07)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
 
63,720
 
 
61,899
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
2

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 4, 2003
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
(inception) to
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product sales
 
$
5,914
 
$
 
$
27,469
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
 
 
84
 
 
3,367
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
607
 
Total revenue
 
 
5,914
 
 
84
 
 
31,443
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs of sales and plant operating expenses
 
 
4,127
 
 
264
 
 
37,228
 
General and administrative expenses
 
 
4,605
 
 
6,223
 
 
104,824
 
Asset impairment losses
 
 
 
 
 
 
9,075
 
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
1,518
 
 
272
 
 
25,708
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
1,130
 
 
1,146
 
 
15,539
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total costs and expenses
 
 
11,380
 
 
7,905
 
 
192,374
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating loss
 
 
(5,466)
 
 
(7,821)
 
 
(160,931)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating (income) expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures
 
 
1
 
 
917
 
 
3,657
 
Foreign currency gains
 
 
(43)
 
 
(48)
 
 
(2,477)
 
Interest income
 
 
(16)
 
 
(28)
 
 
(3,202)
 
Interest expense
 
 
192
 
 
174
 
 
3,773
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
 
(5,600)
 
 
(8,836)
 
 
(162,682)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
3
 
 
(52)
 
 
5,344
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to stockholders
 
$
(5,597)
 
$
(8,888)
 
$
(157,338)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
$
(0.09)
 
$
(0.16)
 
$
(3.78)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
 
63,695
 
 
57,116
 
 
41,626
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
3

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 4,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2003
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Inception)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
to
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
December 31
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
2013
 
Net loss, as reported
 
$
(1,416)
 
$
(4,318)
 
$
(5,600)
 
$
(8,836)
 
$
(162,682)
 
Unrealized foreign currency translation
    adjustment
 
 
207
 
 
299
 
 
329
 
 
180
 
 
6,286
 
Comprehensive loss
 
 
(1,209)
 
 
(4,019)
 
 
(5,271)
 
 
(8,656)
 
 
(156,396)
 
Less comprehensive (income) loss attributable
    to noncontrolling interests
 
 
(16)
 
 
(90)
 
 
3
 
 
(58)
 
 
5,345
 
Comprehensive loss attributable to the Company
 
$
(1,225)
 
$
(4,109)
 
$
(5,268)
 
$
(8,714)
 
$
(151,051)
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements 
 
 
4

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 4, 2003
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
(inception) to
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(5,600)
 
$
(8,836)
 
$
(162,682)
 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating
    activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
1,518
 
 
272
 
 
25,708
 
Depreciation of property, plant and equipment
 
 
1,018
 
 
1,041
 
 
13,921
 
Amortization of intangible and other assets
 
 
112
 
 
105
 
 
1,618
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures
 
 
1
 
 
917
 
 
3,657
 
Foreign currency gains
 
 
(43)
 
 
(48)
 
 
(2,477)
 
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
167
 
Write-off of deferred financing costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,004
 
Asset impairment losses
 
 
 
 
 
 
9,075
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
 
(89)
 
 
215
 
 
108
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
 
(1,963)
 
 
(420)
 
 
(3,822)
 
Inventory
 
 
(542)
 
 
2
 
 
(1,078)
 
Other long-term assets
 
 
331
 
 
(35)
 
 
(1,135)
 
Accrued expenses and payables
 
 
920
 
 
271
 
 
4,079
 
Net cash used in operating activities
 
 
(4,337)
 
 
(6,515)
 
 
(111,857)
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
 
(695)
 
 
(9)
 
 
(38,794)
 
Equity investment in joint ventures
 
 
(516)
 
 
(481)
 
 
(32,740)
 
Purchase of marketable securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
(45,000)
 
Redemption of marketable securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
45,000
 
GTI license royalty payments – Yima joint ventures
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,500)
 
Other license royalty payments
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,250)
 
Restricted cash – redemptions of certificates of deposit
 
 
 
 
 
 
(50)
 
Amendment to GTI license rights
 
 
 
 
 
 
(500)
 
Purchase of land use rights
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,896)
 
Receipt of Chinese governmental grant
 
 
 
 
 
 
556
 
Project prepayments
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,210)
 
Net cash used in investing activities
 
 
(1,211)
 
 
(490)
 
 
(79,384)
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payments on long-term bank loan
 
 
(1,252)
 
 
(1,214)
 
 
(13,002)
 
Proceeds from long-term bank loan
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,081
 
Refund of advance toward sale of common stock
 
 
 
 
(1,000)
 
 
 
Proceeds from short-term bank loan
 
 
3,253
 
 
 
 
3,253
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
929
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net
 
 
100
 
 
14,484
 
 
194,946
 
Prepaid interest
 
 
 
 
 
 
(276)
 
Financing costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
(143)
 
Contributions from noncontrolling interest partners
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,456
 
Loans from shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
 
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
 
2,101
 
 
12,270
 
 
202,255
 
Net increase (decrease) in cash
 
 
(3,447)
 
 
5,265
 
 
11,014
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
 
15,870
 
 
18,035
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rates on cash
 
 
5
 
 
3
 
 
1,414
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
12,428
 
$
23,303
 
$
12,428
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
5

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
Consolidated Statement of Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deficit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
During the
 
Other
 
Non-
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
 
Development
 
Comprehensive
 
controlling
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Paid-in Capital
 
Stage
 
Income
 
Interest
 
Total
 
Balance at June 30, 2013
 
63,583
 
$
636
 
$
224,337
 
$
(151,741)
 
$
5,958
 
$
(886)
 
$
78,304
 
Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,597)
 
 
 
 
(3)
 
 
(5,600)
 
Currency translation adjustment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
329
 
 
 
 
329
 
Comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5,271)
 
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock
 
137
 
 
1
 
 
99
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
100
 
Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
 
1,518
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,518
 
Balance at December 31, 2013
 
63,720
 
$
637
 
$
225,954
 
$
(157,338)
 
$
6,287
 
$
(889)
 
$
74,651
 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
6

 
SYNTHESIS ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
(A Development Stage Enterprise)
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
(a) Organization and description of business
 
Synthesis Energy Systems, Inc. (“SES”), together with its wholly-owned and majority-owned controlled subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) is a development stage global energy and gasification technology company that provides products and solutions to the energy and chemical industries. The Company’s business is to create value by supplying its technology, equipment and services into global projects where lower cost low quality coals, coal wastes, municipal wastes, agricultural biomass, and other biomass feedstocks can be profitably converted through its proprietary gasification technology into clean synthesis gas, or syngas (a mixture of primarily hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane), which is then used to produce a variety of high value energy and chemical products.   The Company’s initial operating projects to date convert high ash coal and coal wastes to chemical grade methanol, and the Company is pursuing a variety of additional global projects under development by customers who may use its technology platform to convert low quality coals such as lignite, coal wastes, municipal wastes and agricultural waste biomass to high value products such as electric power, transportation fuels, substitute natural gas fuel for direct reduction iron steel making and other products. The Company’s technology is originally based on the U-GAS ® process developed by the Gas Technology Institute and the Company has augmented and differentiated the technology through design, detailed engineering, constructing, starting up and operating two commercial plants in China. The Company’s headquarters are located in Houston, Texas.
 
(b) Basis of presentation and principles of consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements for the periods presented are unaudited and reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring items, which management considers necessary for a fair statement.   Operating results for the three month and six months periods ended December 31, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014.  
 
The consolidated financial statements are in U.S. dollars.   Noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries in the consolidated balance sheets represents minority stockholders’ proportionate share of the equity in such subsidiaries.   All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.   These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto reported in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013.   Significant accounting policies that are new or updated from those presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2013 are included below.   The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial statements and do not include all annual disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.
 
(c) Accounting for Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) and Financial Statement Consolidation Criteria
 
The joint ventures which the Company enters into may be considered VIEs. The Company consolidates all VIEs where it is the primary beneficiary. This determination is made at the inception of the Company’s involvement with the VIE and is continuously assessed. The Company considers qualitative factors and forms a conclusion that the Company, or another interest holder, has a controlling financial interest in the VIE and, if so, whether it is the primary beneficiary. In order to determine the primary beneficiary, the Company considers who has the power to direct activities of the VIE that most significantly impacts the VIE’s performance and has an obligation to absorb losses from or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the VIE. The Company does not consolidate VIEs where it is not the primary beneficiary. The Company accounts for these unconsolidated VIEs using either the equity method of accounting or the cost method of accounting and includes its net investment on its consolidated balance sheets. Under the equity method, the Company’s equity interest in the net income or loss from its unconsolidated VIEs is recorded in non-operating (income) expense on a net basis on its consolidated statement of operations. Equity investments in which the Company exercises significant influence but does not control and is not the primary beneficiary are accounted for using the equity method. In the event of a change in ownership, any gain or loss resulting from an investee share issuance is recorded in earnings. Investments in which the Company is not able to exercise significant influence over the investee are accounted for under the cost method. Controlling interest is determined by majority ownership interest and the ability to unilaterally direct or cause the direction of management and policies of an entity after considering any third-party participatory rights.
 
 
7

 
The Company has determined that the ZZ Joint Venture is a VIE and has determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary. In making the initial determination, the Company considered, among other items, the change in profit distribution between the Company and Xuejiao after 20  years. The expected negative variability in the fair value of the ZZ Joint Venture’s net assets was considered to be greater during the first 20 years of the ZZ Joint Venture’s life, which coincided with our original 95 % profit/loss allocation, versus the latter 30  years in which the Company’s profit/loss allocation would be reduced to 10 %. As the result of an amendment to the ZZ Joint Venture agreement in 2010, the profit distribution percentages will remain in place after the first 20 years, providing further support to the determination that the Company is the primary beneficiary.
 
The following tables provide additional information on the ZZ Joint Venture’s assets and liabilities as of   December 31 , 2013 and June 30, 2013 which are consolidated within the Company’s consolidated balance sheets (in thousands):
 
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
 
Consolidated
 
ZZ Joint Venture
(1)
 
% (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
17,708
 
$
5,263
 
30
%
Long-term assets
 
 
71,129
 
 
34,465
 
48
%
Total assets
 
$
88,837
 
$
39,728
 
45
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
$
14,186
 
$
8,382
 
59
%
Equity
 
 
74,651
 
 
31,346
 
42
%
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
88,837
 
$
39,728
 
45
%
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
 
 
Consolidated
 
ZZ Joint Venture
(1)
 
% (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
$
18,508
 
$
523
 
3
%
Long-term assets
 
 
69,856
 
 
34,742
 
50
%
Total assets
 
$
88,364
 
$
35,265
 
40
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
$
10,060
 
$
4,529
 
45
%
Equity
 
 
78,304
 
 
30,736
 
39
%
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
88,364
 
$
35,265
 
40
%
 
(1)
Amounts reflect information for the ZZ Joint Venture and exclude intercompany items.
(2)    ZZ Joint Venture’s percentage of the amount on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
 
The Company has determined that the Yima Joint Ventures are VIEs and that Yima, the joint venture partner, is the primary beneficiary since Yima has a 75 % ownership interest in the Yima Joint Ventures and has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly influence the VIE’s performance.
 
Until May 31, 2013, the Company accounted for its equity interest in the Yima Joint Ventures under the equity method of accounting. Under this method, the Company recorded its proportionate share of the Yima Joint Ventures’ net income or loss based on the Yima Joint Venture’s financial results. As of June 1, 2013, the Company changed to the cost method of accounting because the Company concluded that it is unable to exercise significant influence over the Yima Joint Ventures. The Company’s conclusion regarding its lack of significant influence is due to various circumstances including limited participation in operating and financial policymaking processes and the Company’s limited ability to influence technological decisions.
 
 
8

 
The Company has determined that SES Resource Solutions, Ltd. (“SRS”) which was formed in June 2011 is a VIE and that the Company is not the primary beneficiary since neither the Company nor Midas Resources AG control SRS since each have a 50 % ownership interest in SRS and the control, risks and benefits of SRS are shared equally. SRS had no assets or liabilities as of December 31, 2013 and is inactive.
 
The Company has determined that the GC Joint Venture is a VIE and has determined that it is the primary beneficiary since the Company has a 51 % ownership interest in the GC Joint Venture and since there are no qualitative factors that would preclude the Company from being deemed the primary beneficiary. There were no significant assets recorded within the GC Joint Venture as of December 31, 2013 or June 30, 2013. There were however, current liabilities of approximately $ 1.2 million as of December 31, 2013 and June 30, 2013 related to unpaid settlements of amounts due to various contractors from the initial construction work for the project.   The GC Joint Venture project is not currently being developed and the Company is continuing to work to liquidate and ultimately dissolve the GC Joint Venture.
 
(d) Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue from sales of products, including the capacity fee and energy fee earned at the ZZ Joint Venture plant and sales of methanol under the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, and sales of equipment are recognized when the following elements are satisfied: (i) there are no uncertainties regarding customer acceptance; (ii) there is persuasive evidence that an agreement exists; (iii) delivery has occurred; (iv) the sales price is fixed or determinable; and (v) collectability is reasonably assured.
 
Technology licensing revenue is typically received over the course of a project’s development as milestones are met. The Company may receive upfront licensing fee payments when a license agreement is entered into. Typically, the majority of a license fee is due once project financing and equipment installation occur. The Company recognizes license fees as revenue when the license fees become due and payable under the license agreement, subject to the deferral of the amount of the performance guarantee. Fees earned for engineering services, such as services that relate to integrating our technology to a customer’s project, are recognized using the percentage-of-completion method.
 
(e) Fair value measurements
 
Accounting standards require that fair value measurements be classified and disclosed in one of the following categories:
 
Level 1
Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
 
Level 2
Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and
 
Level 3
Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (i.e., supported by little or no market activity).
 
The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant for the fair value measurement. The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s financial assets by pricing levels, as of December 31, 2013 and June 30, 2013 (in thousands):
 
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of Deposit
 
$
 
$
50
(1)
 
$
 
$
50
 
Money Market Funds
 
 
 
 
5,760
(2)
 
 
 
 
5,760
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term bank loan
 
 
 
 
3,280
(3)
 
 
 
 
3,280
 
Long-term bank loan
 
 
 
 
1,197
(4)
 
 
 
 
1,187
 
 
 
9

 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of Deposit
 
$
 
$
50
(1)
 
$
 
$
50
 
Money Market Funds
 
 
 
 
8,752
(2)
 
 
 
 
8,752
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term bank loan
 
 
 
 
2,428
(4)
 
 
 
 
2,428
 
 
(1)
Amount included in current assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
(2)   Amount included in cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
(3)
Amount included in current liabilities on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
(4) Amount comprised of current portion of bank loan on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
 
The carrying values of the certificates of deposit, money market funds, short-term and long-term debt approximate fair value, which was estimated using quoted market prices for those or similar investments. The carrying value of the Company’s other financial instruments, including accounts receivable and accounts payable, approximate their fair values.

Note 2 – Joint Ventures
 
Zao Zhuang Joint Venture
 
Joint Venture Agreement
 
On July 6, 2006, the Company entered into a cooperative joint venture contract with Shandong Hai Hua Coal & Chemical Company Ltd., or Hai Hua, which established Synthesis Energy Systems (Zao Zhuang) New Gas Company Ltd., or the ZZ Joint Venture, a joint venture company that has the primary purposes of (i) developing, constructing and operating a syngas production plant utilizing the U-GAS ® technology in Zao Zhuang City, Shandong Province, China and (ii) producing and selling syngas and the various byproducts of the plant. In August 2012, Hai Hua’s name was changed to Shandong Weijiao Group Xuecheng Energy Company Ltd., or Xuecheng Energy, after a change in control transaction. We own 97.6 % of the ZZ Joint Venture and Xuecheng Energy owns the remaining 2.4 %. We consolidate the results of the ZZ Joint Venture in our consolidated financial statements.
 
On July 24, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a cooperation agreement (the “ZZ Cooperation Agreement”) with Xuecheng Energy and its parent company, Shandong Xuejiao Chemical Co., Ltd. (collectively referred to as “Xuejiao”), which serves to supersede the existing syngas purchase and sale agreement among the parties dated October 22, 2006 and supplemented previously in 2008. The ZZ Cooperation Agreement, which became effective on October 31, 2013, represents the basis for an integrated syngas to methanol operation and resolution of the nonpayment of the contractual capacity fees by Xuejiao. Under the terms of the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, Xuejiao will (i) provide the ZZ Joint Venture with use of their methanol plant for ten years at no cost to the ZZ Joint Venture, (ii) provide a bank loan guarantee of approximately $ 3.2 million for a majority of the financing necessary for the ZZ Joint Venture for the retrofit and related costs of the ZZ Joint Venture plant, (iii) waive certain advances previously made to the ZZ Joint Venture and (iv) supply discounted coke oven gas produced by its existing coke ovens to be used in combination with synthesis gas to produce refined methanol from the new ZZ Joint Venture integrated syngas methanol operation. The new integrated operation will be managed by the ZZ Joint Venture.
 
Effective October 31, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture terminated and waived its claims to past due capacity fees owed by Xuejiao under the prior syngas purchase and sale agreement. Pursuant to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, prior payments of approximately $1.8 million were applied to settling the prior payments due under the syngas purchase and sale agreement. As a result, the ZZ Joint Venture recognized these related party advances as product sales of approximately $ 1.5 million, net of value-added taxes, during the three months ended December 31, 2013.
 
 
10

 
The ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 and sold 10,127 tonnes of methanol during the three months ended December 31, 2013 generating approximately $ 4.4 million of revenue. The ZZ Joint Venture has worked to complete the plant retrofits and equipment upgrades to enable increased methanol production from integrated syngas and coke oven gas feedstock. The ZZ Joint Venture is now operating an integrated plant which has two operating modes where it (i) converts coke oven gas directly to methanol and (ii) converts coal to syngas, then blends the syngas and coke oven gas at a specific ratio to produce additional quantities of methanol.  The ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 from coke oven gas.   The ZZ Joint Venture restarted its syngas plant for approximately two weeks during December 2013. In January 2014, the ZZ Joint Venture produced methanol only from coke oven gas due to lower coke oven gas supplies during the cold weather.   The ZZ Joint Venture intends to manage syngas production in order to optimize results. The syngas facility will generally operate when adequate coke oven gas supplies are available to achieve the correct syngas to coke oven gas blend ratio. The ZZ Joint Venture expects to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase methanol production.
 
Additionally, the Company is also evaluating alternative products and partnership structures for a possible future expansion of the ZZ Joint Venture plant. In 2010, the ZZ Joint Venture received the necessary government approval for an expansion. This expansion project remains under evaluation by the Company. The Company is also evaluating certain new downstream technologies to produce high value products.
 
Until the ZZ Joint Venture generates sufficient cash flows to cover its operating costs and debt service, the Company may need to make additional contributions to the ZZ Joint Venture in order for it to meet its obligations, including the ZZ Short-term Loan (defined below) due in September 2014 unless such loan can be refinanced.
 
Loan Agreement with ICBC
 
On March 22, 2007, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a seven-year loan agreement and received approximately $ 12.6 million of loan proceeds pursuant to the terms of a Fixed Asset Loan Contract with the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (“ICBC”) to complete the project financing for the ZZ Joint Venture.   Interest was adjusted annually based upon the standard rate announced each year by the People’s Bank of China, and as of   December 31, 2013, the applicable annual interest rate was 6.55%, payable monthly.   The final p rincipal payment of RMB 7.3 million (approximately $1.2 million) was repaid in January 2014. As of December 31, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture was in compliance with all covenants and obligations under the Fixed Asset Loan Contract.  
 
Short-term Loan Agreement with Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd
 
On September 10, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a short-term loan agreement with Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd., (the “ZZ Short-term Loan”), and received approximately $ 3.2 million of loan proceeds for the retrofit and related costs contemplated by the ZZ Cooperation Agreement. Key terms of the ZZ Short-term Loan are as follows:
 
Loan term is one year, due on September 9, 2014;
 
Interest is payable monthly at an annual rate of 10.8%;
 
Xuecheng Energy is the guarantor of the entire loan;
 
Certain assets of the ZZ Joint Venture, including land use rights and the administration building, are pledged as collateral; and
 
 
11

 
Subject to customary events of default which, should one or more of them occur and be continuing, would permit Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd. to declare all amounts owing under the agreement to be due and payable immediately.
 
Yima Joint Ventures
 
In August 2009, the Company entered into amended joint venture contracts with Yima Coal Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. (“Yima”), replacing the prior joint venture contracts entered into in October 2008 and April 2009. The joint ventures were formed for each of the gasification, methanol/methanol protein production, and utility island components of the plant (collectively, the “Yima Joint Ventures”). The amended joint venture contracts provide that: (i) the Company and Yima contribute equity of 25% and 75 %, respectively, to the Yima Joint Ventures; (ii) Yima will guarantee the repayment of loans from third party lenders for 50 % of the project’s cost and, if debt financing is not available, Yima is obligated to provide debt financing via shareholder loans to the project until the project is able to secure third-party debt financing; and (iii) Yima will supply coal to the project from a mine located in close proximity to the project at a preferential price subject to a definitive agreement to be subsequently negotiated. In connection with entering into the amended contracts, the Company and Yima contributed their remaining cash equity contributions of $29.3 million and $90.8 million, respectively, to the Yima Joint Ventures during the three months ended September 30, 2009. In exchange for their capital contributions, the Company owns a 25 % interest in each joint venture and Yima owns a 75% interest. 
   
The remaining capital for the project has been funded with project debt obtained by the Yima Joint Ventures. Yima agreed to guarantee the project debt in order to secure debt financing from domestic Chinese banking sources. The Company has agreed to pledge to Yima its ownership interests in the joint ventures as security for the Company’s obligations under any project guarantee. In the event that the necessary additional debt financing is not obtained, Yima has agreed to provide a loan to the joint ventures to satisfy the remaining capital needs of the project with terms comparable to current market rates at the time of the loan.
 
The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned. Methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013. The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers.
 
Under the terms of the joint venture agreements, the Yima Joint Ventures are to be governed by a board of directors consisting of eight directors, two of whom were appointed by the Company and six of whom were appointed by Yima. The joint ventures also have officers that are nominated by the Company, Yima and/or the board of directors pursuant to the terms of the joint venture contracts. The Company and Yima shall share the profits, and bear the risks and losses, of the joint ventures in proportion to their respective ownership interests. The term of the joint venture shall commence upon each joint venture company obtaining its business operating license and shall end 30 years after commercial operation of the plant.
 
 
12

 
The Company has included approximately $3.0 million of royalty costs due to GTI for the Yima Joint Ventures’ U-GAS ® license as part of its investment in joint ventures on its consolidated balance sheet including a $1.5 million payment paid to GTI in June 2009 (when the amended joint venture contracts were signed), a $0.5 million payment in October 2013, and $1.0 million of payments in January 2014.
 
Until May 31, 2013, the Company accounted for its equity interest in the Yima Joint Ventures under the equity method of accounting. Under this method, the Company recorded its proportionate share of the Yima Joint Ventures’ net income or loss based on the Yima Joint Venture’s financial results. As of June 1, 2013, the Company changed to the cost method of accounting because the Company concluded that it is unable to exercise significant influence over the Yima Joint Ventures. The Company’s conclusion regarding its lack of significant influence is based on its interactions with the Yima Joint Ventures related to the start-up and operations and due to various other circumstances including limited participation in operating and financial policymaking processes and the Company’s limited ability to influence technological decisions. There was no equity in losses of the Yima Joint Ventures recognized for financial reporting purposes for the three months and six months ended December 31, 2013 since the Company changed from the equity method to the cost method of accounting as of June 1, 2013. The Company’s equity in losses of the Yima Joint Ventures for the three months and six months ended December 31, 2012 were $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
 
SES Resource Solutions
 
SRS is a joint venture owned 50% by us and 50% by Midas Resources AG, or Midas, that was formed in June 2011 to provide additional avenues of commercialization for the Company’s U-GAS® technology. Key objectives of the joint venture are to identify and procure low cost, low rank coal resources for which the Company’s technology represents the best route to commercialization; to provide investment opportunities in both gasification facilities and coal resources; and to facilitate the establishment of gasification projects globally based on the Company’s technology. 
   
As of December 31, 2013, the Company had funded approximately $1.7 million to SRS. In December 2012, SRS suspended its activities due to the unavailability of financing for coal resources, therefore the Company’s contributions to SRS are expected to be minimal unless its activities resume.
 
 
13

 
The Company’s investment in SRS is accounted for using the equity method. SRS has no assets or liabilities as amounts are funded by the Company as costs are incurred. The following table presents summarized unconsolidated income statement data for SRS (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
Income statement data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
$
 
Operating loss
 
 
 
 
(544)
 
 
(2)
 
 
(1,085)
 
Net loss
 
 
 
 
(544)
 
 
(2)
 
 
(1,085)
 

Note 3 – GTI License Agreement
 
On November 5, 2009, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated License Agreement (the “GTI Agreement”) with GTI, replacing the Amended and Restated License Agreement between the Company and GTI dated August 31, 2006, as amended. Under the GTI Agreement, the Company maintains its exclusive worldwide right to license the U-GAS ® technology for all types of coals and coal/biomass mixtures with coal content exceeding 60 %, as well as the non-exclusive right to license the original U-GAS ® technology for 100 % biomass and coal/biomass blends exceeding 40 % biomass.
 
In order to sublicense any U-GAS ® system, the Company is required to comply with certain requirements set forth in the GTI Agreement. In the preliminary stage of developing a potential sublicense, the Company is required to provide notice and certain information regarding the potential sublicense to GTI and GTI is required to provide notice of approval or non-approval within ten business days of the date of the notice from the Company, provided that GTI is required to not unreasonably withhold their approval. If GTI does not respond within that ten business day period, they are deemed to have approved of the sublicense. The Company is required to provide updates on any potential sublicenses once every three months during the term of the GTI Agreement. The Company is also restricted from offering a competing gasification technology during the term of the GTI Agreement.
 
For each U-GAS ® unit which the Company licenses, designs, builds or operates for itself or for a party other than a sublicensee and which uses coal or a coal and biomass mixture or biomass as the feed stock, the Company must pay a royalty based upon a calculation using the MMBtu per hour of dry syngas production of a rated design capacity, payable in installments at the beginning and at the completion of the construction of a project (the “Standard Royalty”). If the Company invests, or has the option to invest, in a specified percentage of the equity of a third party, and the royalty payable by such third party for their sublicense exceeds the Standard Royalty, the Company is required to pay to GTI, an agreed percentage split of third party licensing fees (the “Agreed Percentage”) of such royalty payable by such third party. However, if the royalty payable by such third party for their sublicense is less than the Standard Royalty, the Company is required to pay to GTI, in addition to the Agreed Percentage of such royalty payable by such third party, the Agreed Percentage of its dividends and liquidation proceeds from its equity investment in the third party. In addition, if the Company receives a carried interest in a third party, and the carried interest is less than a specified percentage of the equity of such third party, the Company is required to pay to GTI, in its sole discretion, either (i) the Standard Royalty or (ii) the Agreed Percentage of the royalty payable to such third party for their sublicense, as well as the Agreed Percentage of the carried interest. The Company will be required to pay the Standard Royalty to GTI if the percentage of the equity of a third party that the Company (a) invests in, (b) has an option to invest in, or (c) receives a carried interest in, exceeds the percentage of the third party specified in the preceding sentence.
 
The Company is required to make an annual payment to GTI for each year of the term, with such annual payment due by the last day of January of the following year; provided, however, that the Company is entitled to deduct all royalties paid to GTI in a given year under the GTI Agreement from this amount, and if such royalties exceed the annual payment amount in a given year, the Company is not required to make the annual payment. The Company accrues the annual royalty expense ratably over the calendar year as adjusted for any royalties paid during year as applicable. The Company must also provide GTI with a copy of each contract that it enters into relating to a U-GAS® system and report to GTI with its progress on development of the technology every six months.
 
 
14

 
For a period of ten years, the Company and GTI are restricted from disclosing any confidential information (as defined in the GTI Agreement) to any person other than employees of affiliates or contractors who are required to deal with such information, and such persons will be bound by the confidentiality provisions of the GTI Agreement. The Company has further indemnified GTI and its affiliates from any liability or loss resulting from unauthorized disclosure or use of any confidential information that the Company receives.
 
The GTI Agreement expires on August 31, 2016, but may be extended for two additional ten-year periods at the Company’s option.

Note 4 – Stockholders’ Equity and Stock-Based Compensation
 
As of August 31, 2013, the Company had issued 279,480 shares of common stock to Crystal Vision Energy Limited (“CVE”) as part of CVE’s monthly compensation payable in common stock under CVE’s consulting agreement with the Company which was terminated effective as of August 31, 2013. On August 1, 2013, CVE made a $ 100,000 investment in the Company’s common stock and received 136,986 shares and warrants to purchase 136,986 shares of the Company common stock. The shares of the Company’s common stock were issued at a price of $ 0.73 . The associated warrants have an exercise price of $ 0.91 . The fair values of the August 1, 2013 transaction, including the shares and warrants, was estimated to be approximately $ 0.1 million. Under the consulting agreement, CVE was also entitled to nonforfeitable incentive warrants upon signing. A warrant to purchase up to 1,200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock with an exercise price of $1.50 was granted in February 2013, became vested and fully exercisable on December 31, 2013 and has a term of five years.
 
On November 1, 2013, the Company entered into a management consulting agreement (the “MDC Agreement”) with Market Development Consulting Group, Inc. d/b/a MDC Group (“MDC”) for communications and investor relations advisory services. As part of MDC’s consideration, MDC received an initial warrant to acquire 750,000 shares of common stock on November 1, 2013 at an exercise price of $. 70 per share. The fair value of these warrants was estimated to be approximately $ 0.4 million. MDC will receive additional warrants (“Anniversary Warrants”)  to acquire 1 % of the then fully diluted common stock on each annual anniversary prior to termination of the MDC Agreement.  The exercise price of each such Anniversary Warrant shall be equal to the average closing price over the twenty consecutive trading days immediately preceding the anniversary.  MDC is prohibited from exercising the initial warrant until the first anniversary of the date of the Agreement, other than in connection with a change of control of the Company.
 
As of December 31, 2013, the Company had outstanding stock option and restricted stock awards granted under the Company’s Amended and Restated 2005 Incentive Plan, as amended (the “Incentive Plan”), under which the Company’s stockholders have authorized a total of 9,800,000 shares of common stock for awards under the Incentive Plan. As of December 31, 2013, there were 547,152 shares authorized for future issuance pursuant to the Incentive Plan. Under the Incentive Plan, the Company may grant incentive and non-qualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards to officers, directors, employees and non-employees. Stock option awards generally vest ratably over a one to four year period and expire ten years after the date of grant.
 
Stock option activity during the six months ended December 31, 2013 was as follows:
 
 
 
Shares of Common
 
 
 
Stock Underlying
 
 
 
Stock Options
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2013
 
7,404,692
 
Granted
 
422,414
 
Exercised
 
 
Forfeited/Canceled
 
(46,250)
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2013
 
7,780,856
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2013
 
6,902,352
 
 
The fair values for the stock options granted during the six months ended December 31, 2013 were estimated at the date of grant using a Black-Scholes-Morton option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Risk-free rate of return
 
1.76
%
Expected life of award
 
5.4 years
 
Expected dividend yield
 
0.00
%
Expected volatility of stock
 
105
%
Weighted-average grant date fair value
$
0.58
 
 
 
15

 
Stock warrant activity during the six months ended December 31, 2013 was as follows:
 
 
Shares of Common
 
 
Stock Underlying
 
 
Stock Warrants
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2013
 
1,649,438
 
Warrants issued
 
886,986
 
Exercised
 
 
Forfeited
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2013
 
2,536,424
 
 
The fair values of the warrants issued during the six months ended December 31, 2013 were estimated using a Black-Scholes-Morton option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Risk-free rate of return
 
2.45
%
Expected life of award
 
9.2 years
 
Expected dividend yield
 
0.00
%
Expected volatility of stock
 
87
%
Weighted-average grant date fair value
$
0.57
 
 
The following table presents stock based compensation expense attributable to stock option awards issued under the Incentive Plan and attributable to warrants and stock issued or sold to consultants (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
December 31,
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Incentive Plan
 
$
152
 
$
109
 
$
485
 
$
272
 
Consultants
 
 
320
 
 
 
 
1,033
 
 
 
Total stock-based compensation expense
 
$
472
 
$
109
 
$
1,518
 
$
272
 

Note 5 – Net Loss Per Share
 
Historical net loss per share of common stock is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Basic loss per share excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Stock options, warrants and unvested restricted stock are the only potential dilutive share equivalents the Company has outstanding for the periods presented. For the three months and six months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and the period from November 4, 2003 (inception) to December 31, 2013, options and warrants to purchase common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share as their effect would have been antidilutive as the Company incurred net losses during those periods.

Note 6 – Risks and Uncertainties
 
Any future decrease in economic activity in China, India or in other regions of the world, in which the Company may in the future do business, could significantly and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition in a number of other ways. Any decline in economic conditions may reduce the demand for prices from the products from our plants, thus the Company’s ability to finance and develop its existing projects, commence any new projects and sell its products could be adversely impacted.
 
The ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 and sold 10,127 tonnes of methanol during the three months ended December 31, 2013. The ZZ Joint Venture has worked to complete the plant retrofits and equipment upgrades to enable increased methanol production from integrated syngas and coke oven gas feedstock. Although the ZZ Joint Venture restarted its syngas plant for approximately two weeks during December 2013, it has since stopped syngas production and is currently only using coke oven gas only as feedstock. The ZZ Joint Venture plans to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase methanol production. There can be no assurances that the methanol production operations contemplated by the ZZ Cooperation Agreement will be profitable. Profitability will be dependent on, among other things, our management of the operations of the plant, pricing of methanol, coal and power, and maintaining necessary government approvals.
 
 
16

 
The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned. Methanol production was approximately 80 % of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013. The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers. The Company has limited influence on the operating and financial policymaking of the Yima Joint Ventures. There can be no assurances that the Yima Joint Ventures’ operations will be profitable or that dividends will be paid to the Company. There have been a variety of minor construction related shutdowns which are normally seen in the startup of these types of facilities, but the shutdowns have generally not been related to the gasifier systems.
 
Although the Company has made significant progress recently on partnering its China business, the  Company expects to continue for a period of time to have negative operating cash flows until it can generate sufficient cash flows from its technology, equipment and services business and SES China (including the ZZ Joint Venture and the Yima Joint Ventures) to cover its general and administrative expenses and other operating costs. In addition, the Company may need to aggressively pursue additional partners in China and may need to seek other equity financing or reduce its operating expenses. The Company will also limit the development of any further projects until it has assurances that acceptable financing is available to complete the project.
 
The Company currently plans to use its available cash for (i) general and administrative expenses; (ii) debt service for the ZZ Joint Venture, including $ 1.2 million of principal repaid in January 2014, and $ 3.2 million of principal due in September 2014 under the ZZ Short-term Loan unless such loan can be refinanced; (iii) $ 1.0 million royalty due for the Yima Joint Ventures’ license which was paid in January 2014; and (iv) working capital and other general corporate purposes. The Company may also need to make additional contributions to the ZZ Joint Venture in order for it to meet its obligations until the ZZ Joint Venture generates sufficient cash flows to cover its operating costs and debt service. The actual allocation and timing of these expenditures will be dependent on various factors, including changes in the Company’s strategic relationships, commodity prices and industry conditions, and other factors that the Company cannot currently predict. In particular, any future decrease in economic activity in China or in other regions of the world in which the Company may in the future do business could significantly and adversely affect its operating  results and financial condition. Operating cash flows from joint venture operating projects can be positively or negatively impacted by changes in coal , power and methanol prices. These are commodities where market pricing is often cyclical in nature and can be volatile .
 
The Company does not currently have all of the financial and human resources to fully develop and execute on all of its other business opportunities; however, the Company intends to finance their development through paid services, technology access fees, equity financings and by securing financial and strategic partners focused on development of these opportunities. The Company can make no assurances that its business operations will provide it with sufficient cash flows to continue its operations. The Company will need to raise additional capital through equity and debt financing for any new ventures that are developed, to support its existing projects and possible expansions thereof and for its corporate general and administrative expenses. As a result of its focus on financing activities, particularly in China, the Company has identified strategic parties that have expressed interest in helping it grow SES China’s business and the Company is evaluating these options. The Company is considering a full range of financing options in order to create the most value in the context of the increasing interest the Company is witnessing in its proprietary  technology. The Company cannot provide any assurance that any financing will be available to it in the future on acceptable terms or at all. Any such financing could be dilutive to its existing stockholders. If the Company cannot raise required funds on acceptable terms, it may not be able to, among other things, (i) maintain its general and administrative expenses at current levels including retention of key personnel and consultants; (ii) successfully develop its licensing and related service businesses; (iii) negotiate and enter into new gasification plant development contracts and licensing agreements; (iv) make additional capital contributions to its joint ventures; (v) fund certain obligations as they become due; and (vi) respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated capital requirements.
 
    
17

 
Note 7 – Segment Information
 
The Company’s reportable operating segments have been determined in accordance with the Company’s internal management reporting structure and include SES China, Technology Licensing and Related Services, and Corporate. The SES China reporting segment includes all of the assets and operations and related administrative costs for China including the investment in the Yima Joint Ventures. The Technology Licensing and Related Services reporting segment includes all of the Company’s current operating activities outside of China. The Corporate reporting segment includes the executive and administrative expenses of the corporate office in Houston. The Company evaluates performance based upon several factors, of which a primary financial measure is segment operating income or loss. Reclassifications have been made in the prior period financial statements to conform to the current period presentation.
 
The following table presents statements of operations data and assets by segment (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
December 31,
 
 
December 31,
 
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
5,914
 
$
3
 
$
5,914
 
$
8
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
 
 
10
 
 
 
 
76
 
Total revenue
 
$
5,914
 
$
13
 
$
5,914
 
$
84
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
516
 
$
504
 
$
1,031
 
$
1,022
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
47
 
 
47
 
 
94
 
 
94
 
Corporate & other
 
 
2
 
 
19
 
 
5
 
 
30
 
Total depreciation and amortization
 
$
565
 
$
570
 
$
1,130
 
$
1,146
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
402
 
$
(2,190)
 
$
(2,262)
 
$
(4,625)
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
(256)
 
 
(579)
 
 
(346)
 
 
(1,064)
 
Corporate & other
 
 
(1,482)
 
 
(1,171)
 
 
(2,858)
 
 
(2,132)
 
Total operating loss
 
$
(1,336)
 
$
(3,940)
 
$
(5,466)
 
$
(7,821)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
122
 
$
78
 
$
192
 
$
174
 
Total interest expense
 
$
122
 
$
78
 
$
192
 
$
174
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
 
$
128
 
$
 
$
375
 
Corporate & other
 
 
 
 
272
 
 
1
 
 
542
 
Total equity in losses of joint ventures
 
$
 
$
400
 
$
1
 
$
917
 
 
 
 
December 31,
 
June 30,
 
 
 
2013
 
2013
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SES China
 
$
78,504
 
$
76,316
 
Technology licensing and related services
 
 
981
 
 
1,030
 
Corporate & other
 
 
9,352
 
 
11,018
 
Total assets
 
$
88,837
 
$
88,364
 
 
 
18

 
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included elsewhere in this quarterly report. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this quarterly report, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business and related financing, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You should review the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis.
 
Business Overview
 
We are a development stage global energy and gasification technology company that provides proprietary gasification technology systems and solutions to the energy and chemical industries. Our business is to create value by supplying our technology, equipment and services into global projects where lower cost low quality coals, coal wastes, municipal wastes, agricultural biomass, and other biomass feedstocks can be profitably converted through our proprietary gasification technology into clean synthesis gas, or syngas (a mixture of primarily hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane), which is then used to produce a variety of high value energy and chemical products. Our initial operating projects to date convert high ash coal and coal wastes to chemical grade methanol, and we are pursuing a variety of additional global projects under development by customers who may use our technology platform to convert low quality coals such as lignite, coal wastes, municipal wastes and agricultural waste biomass to high value products such as electric power, transportation fuels, substitute natural gas, or SNG, fuel for direct reduction iron, or DRI, steel making and other products. Our technology is originally based on the U-GAS ® process developed by the Gas Technology Institute and we have augmented and differentiated the technology through newly developed intellectual property related to design, detailed engineering, constructing, starting up and operating our two commercial joint venture plants in China.
 
We intend to commercialize our technology through supplying our gasification systems consisting of technology, equipment and services to projects globally and to accomplish this largely via value accretive partnerships and collaborations with other companies which operate in the energy and chemical market segments where we believe our technology is highly advantaged.   This is a low capital intensity business approach which we believe can generate attractive margins for us through providing our technology differentiated equipment and services in multiple market segments globally with a potential to build meaningful sales opportunities over time.   However, to date our principal operating activities have focused in China where we have invested and built two commercial projects.   We made these investments to fully demonstrate our technology and our capabilities to build and operate, but with this step of commercializing our technology successfully completed, we no longer intend to make such extensive capital investments in the foreseeable future. Our ZZ Joint Venture project is our first commercial scale coal gasification plant and is located in Shandong Province, China. It achieved commercial operation in December 2008.   The ZZ Joint Venture is designed to produce clean syngas for sale to an immediately adjacent industrial company who manufactures methanol from the syngas.   Under the new commercial structure completed effective October 31, 2013, we assumed control of XE’s methanol facilities and the ZZ Joint Venture plant is operating as an integrated plant which converts coal to syngas and then converts syngas and coke oven gas into methanol, as described in more detail under “Current Operations and Projects – Zao Zhuang Joint Venture.”   The Yima Joint Venture project in Henan Province, China generated its first methanol production in December 2012, and is currently in its start-up phase as described in more detail under “Current Operations and Projects – Yima Joint Ventures.” The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned and methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013.   The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers.  
 
Our business model is to deploy our technology on a global basis via supplying a technology package, containing license rights to operate a project using our technology, gasification system equipment, and technology related services.   As part of our overall strategy we intend to form strategic regional and market-based partnerships or business verticals where our technology offers advantages and through cooperating with these partners grow an installed base of projects. Through collaborative partnering arrangements we believe we will commercialize our technology much faster than entering these markets alone.   Building on our success in China, we are working to create a China region business unit, that we refer to as SES China, with plans to capitalize this business locally with strategic partners that we believe can help accelerate our growth in China. In addition to regional business units, we are continuing to evaluate and develop our business in markets such as power, steel, fuels, substitute natural gas, chemicals and renewables which can benefit from deploying our technology offering to create these products from low cost coal and renewable feedstocks. We are developing these market-based business vertical opportunities together with strategic partners which have established businesses or interests in these markets with the goal of growing and expanding these businesses by partnering with us and deployment of our technology offering. Our collaboration with GE Packaged Power, Inc., a subsidiary of GE, which began in early 2013 to jointly evaluate and market a small scale power generation unit combining our gasification technology with GE’s aeroderivative gas turbines, is an ongoing example of our market-based business vertical developments underway. We, along with our distributed power collaborators, GE, ISTROENERGO GROUP, Inc. and TUTEN Ltd, have signed our first letter of intent, or LOI, with Karachi Electric Supply Company, or KESC. KESC is a large electric utility company in Karachi, Pakistan with over 2.3 GW of installed electric generating capacity. The exclusive LOI calls for a feasibility engineering and financial evaluation of a coal gasification power generation project with a capacity between 90 and 200 MW to be constructed near Karachi. The completed feasibility study will serve as the basis for further discussions and negotiations for a syngas power plant contract.  We believe the distributed power segment offers opportunity over time to provide meaningful sales opportunities for our gasification technology and equipment systems. We intend to focus on the continued development of this business vertical. We are also advancing developments via technology integration studies with potential partners for business verticals in DRI steel and “green” chemicals derived from municipal wastes. We have also formalized agreements with Simon India Ltd., a subsidiary of the Adventz Group, for marketing our technology in India which we believe is an important growth region for which our technology is uniquely well suited.
 
 
19

 
We believe our existing operating projects in China have clearly demonstrated that we have several advantages which differentiate our technology over other commercially available gasification technologies, such as entrained flow, fixed bed, and moving bed gasification technologies. The first of these advantages is our ability to use a wide range of feedstocks (including low rank, high ash and high moisture coals, which are significantly cheaper than higher grade coals), coal wastes, municipal wastes, agricultural wastes, and other biomass feedstocks to make clean syngas.   Our feedstock advantage opens up many of these global resources for use to manufacture energy and chemical products which otherwise could not be done with other currently available commercial gasification technologies.  Secondly, our technology’s advanced fluidized bed design is extremely tolerant to a wide range changes in feedstock during operation, which allows for flexible fuel purchasing for our customers. Additionally, our technology can use much less water and its simple design leads to more favorable fabrication costs and resulting plant costs being lower compared to other commercially available technologies. We believe these important cost, feedstock flexibility, and water consumption factors position our technology for future deployment of gasification worldwide because our technology can enable projects to become a lower cost producer of products. Depending on local market needs and fuel sources, our syngas can be used to produce many valuable products including electric power, SNG, chemicals such as methanol, dimethyl ether, or DME, and glycol, ammonia for fertilizer production, reducing gas for DRI processes, and transportation fuels such as gasoline and diesel.
 
The key elements of our business strategy include:
 
Secure a partner for China business platform. SES China is intended to be a stand-alone business platform that encompasses all of our current and future business activities and initiatives in China. We believe that SES China will better enable us to grow faster in China than otherwise possible and to better protect our intellectual property and technology in China.  In addition, we expect to work more effectively with our existing partners to efficiently leverage the other business verticals we are developing including clean renewable fuels and power businesses, direct reduction iron for the steel industry, clean coal-to-chemicals projects, and for longer term value creation, larger scale SNG projects utilizing low rank coal resources and biomass. We continue to make progress on partnering   a significant portion of SES China with a financially strong and highly skilled Chinese company which desires to invest into the growth of China’s clean energy space and who recognize the opportunity afforded by our technology capability and business model.  We believe partnering a significant portion of SES China can, with the right Chinese partner, accelerate the commercialization of our technology on a global basis and will enable us to reduce our capital requirements to achieve this acceleration.
 
Operation of existing plants. The ZZ Joint Venture plant was designed to produce clean syngas for sale to an immediately adjacent industrial company which manufactured methanol from coke oven gas and syngas.  We successfully operated the ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant for over three years through September 2011, and since then held it idle while an expanded commercial structure was negotiated with Hai Hua, the former syngas buyer.  Under the new commercial structure completed effective October 31, 2013, we assumed control of XE’s methanol facilities and the ZZ Joint Venture plant is operating as an integrated plant which converts coal to syngas and then converts syngas and coke oven gas into methanol, as described in more detail under “Current Operations and Projects – Zao Zhuang Joint Venture.”   The ZZ Joint Venture expects to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase methanol production.    The Yima Joint Venture plant generated its first methanol production in December 2012. The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned and methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013.   The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers.   This plant is providing a commercial demonstration of our technology as deployed on a much larger scale than the ZZ Joint Venture plant.
 
 
20

 
Strategic partnerships and collaborations in key market segments through new business verticals. We intend to commercialize our technology through supplying our gasification systems consisting of technology, equipment and services to projects globally and to accomplish this largely via value accretive partnerships and collaborations with other companies which operate in the energy and chemical market segments where we believe our technology has strong competitive advantages.  This is a low capital intensity business approach which we believe can generate attractive margins for us through providing our technology differentiated equipment and services in multiple market segments globally with a potential to build meaningful sales opportunities over time.  As part of our overall strategy we intend to form strategic regional and market-based partnerships or business verticals where our technology offers advantages and through cooperating with these partners grow an installed base of projects. This includes our transactions with Hongye and Zhongmo for SES China and strategic collaborations in specific markets that will enable us to expand our business. Building on our success in China, we have formalized other business vertical relationships through marketing agreements including with GE’s Packaged Power Inc. for global distributed power generation projects and with Simon India Ltd, an Adventz Group company, to exclusively market our technology in India. The most modern and environmentally friendly types of new steel plants include an iron ore processing step called DRI that replaces dirty blast furnaces.   Syngas produced by our technology has a composition that is especially well-suited for use in DRI, and our process’ ability to utilize low-cost coal and coal wastes makes it especially economical in this application.   In addition, we are also developing additional business vertical opportunities to integrate our technology with DRI steel making technology for a coal-to-steel solution and for evaluating projects that can make methanol and other commodities from refuse derived fuels from our technology.
 
Leveraging our proprietary technology through licensing, equipment sales and related services to increase revenues and position us for future growth .  We provide a proprietary technology package whereby we license our technology rights to third parties, deliver an engineered technology package and sell proprietary equipment components to customers who have contracted to own and operate projects using our technology. We intend to focus on developing opportunities for our proprietary technology package whereby we may (i) integrate our gasification process technology package with downstream technologies to provide a fully integrated offering where we may invest in projects either directly or through an investment partner or (ii) may partner with engineering, equipment and technology companies to provide our gasification process technology package into an integrated and modular product offering. We anticipate that we can increase revenues through collecting technology licensing fees and royalties, engineering and technical service fees, as well as equipment product sales to customers who have contracted to own and operate projects which incorporate our proprietary technology. We also believe that our licensing activities will provide insight into project development activities, which may allow us to make selective equity investments in such projects in the future, or take options in projects for which we provide a license.
 
Developing value where we have a competitive advantage and have access rights to feedstock resources. We believe that we have the greatest competitive advantage using our gasification technology in situations where there is a ready source of low quality coal, coal waste or biomass to utilize as a feedstock. We are focusing our efforts globally together with our partners in countries with large low rank coal resources, but our principal operating activities to-date have focused on China and India. In the U.S. and certain other countries, we believe there may be opportunities for us to leverage the capability of our technology to efficiently and cleanly gasify coal wastes or biomass material to make renewable fuels or “green chemicals”. Today’s regulatory environment in the U.S. is favorable for these types of projects because increased environmental concerns are creating a market demand for renewable fuels and companies are under increasing pressure to reduce their carbon footprint. In addition, existing coal fired power generating assets that are facing costly air emission control upgrades or else being retired are a potential market to convert to syngas fired gas turbine generating stations using the existing coal handling infrastructure and our technology.
 
 
21

 
Continue to develop and improve our technology. We are continually seeking to improve the overall plant availability, plant efficiency and fuel handling capabilities of our gasification technology. We are continuing to work with our prospective customers to determine the suitability of their low rank coals for our technology through proprietary coal characterization testing and bench scale gasification tests. Additionally, we are growing our technology base through (i) continued development of know-how with our engineering and technical staff, (ii) growing and protecting our trade secrets as a result of patenting improvements tested at our ZZ and Yima Joint Venture plants, (iii) developing improvements resulting from integration of our technology with downstream processes, and (iv) developing improvements resulting from scaling up the design of our technology in pressure and capacity. Examples of our technology development include our Fines Management System and Ash Management System which increase overall efficiency. We have several patent applications pending relating to these technology improvements in addition to a number of other improvements to increase the gasifier availability and to lower the costs of the gasifier installation and subsequent operations.
 
Grow earnings through increased revenues, joint venture projects and control of expenses. We remain intently focused on control of our expenses while we grow revenues from our technology business and operating projects. We believe our strategy will allow us to develop revenues and operating cash flows necessary for sustainable long term growth. We anticipate that we can generate revenues through equipment supply, engineering and technical service fees, licensing fees and royalties on products sold by our licensees that incorporate our proprietary technology without incurring the significant capital costs required to develop and construct a plant. We also believe that our licensing activities will provide additional insight into project development activities, which may provide us opportunities to make selective equity investments in such infrastructure projects in the future and also the development of integrated, modular product offerings. We have initiated discussions with companies that have expressed interest in partnering with us on a strategic basis to accelerate our business and in some cases who are willing to pay us to bring our technology into an industry-specific joint venture. We intend to minimize project development expense until we have assurances that acceptable financing is available to complete our projects. Until we have such assurances, our strategy will be to operate using our current capital resources and to leverage the resources of strategic relationships or financing partners. We have taken and may take additional steps to significantly reduce expenses, particularly in China, to align our development efforts with available cash resources until we can execute arrangements with a suitable partner.
 
Results of Operations
 
We are in our development stage and therefore have had limited operations. We have sustained cumulative net losses of approximately $162.7 million from November 4, 2003, the date of our inception, to December 31, 2013.
 
Three Months Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to the Three Months Ended December 31, 2012
 
Revenue . Total revenue increased to $5.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $13,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2012.
 
Our ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 and sold 10,127 tonnes of methanol during the three months ended December 31, 2013 generating approximately $4.4 million of revenue.   Pursuant to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, prior payments of approximately $1.8 million from Xuejiao were applied to settling the prior payments due under the syngas purchase and sale agreement. As a result, the ZZ Joint Venture recognized these related party advances as product sales of approximately $1.5 million, net of value-added taxes, during the three months ended December 31, 2013.
 
There were no technology licensing and related services revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2013, compared to $13,000 of technology licensing and related services revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2012 which resulted from engineering feasibility studies and coal testing services for potential customers.
 
Costs of sales and plant operating expenses. Costs of sales and plant operating expenses increased by $3.9 million to $4.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2012.   The increase was due principally to the ZZ Joint Venture’s production of methanol from coke oven gas purchased from Xuecheng Energy and from syngas produced by the ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant. Costs include electricity, coke oven gas feedstock, coal feedstock to produce syngas, labor and other operating costs.   In addition, the ZZ Joint Venture incurred approximately $0.4 million during the three months ended December 31, 2013 for non-routine repairs and retrofit expenses incurred for the new operations and restart of its syngas plant. Although the ZZ Joint Venture restarted its syngas plant for approximately two weeks during December 2013, it has since stopped syngas production and is currently only using coke oven gas as feedstock.   The ZZ Joint Venture plans to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase methanol production.
 
 
22

 
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.9 million to $2.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $3.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2012. The decrease was due primarily to a reduction of consulting fees resulting from the termination of the consulting agreement with CVE as of August 31, 2013 and a reduction in royalty expense due under our licensing agreement with GTI. Recurring general and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation, professional and consulting fees, travel, and other costs of our corporate, development and administrative functions in Houston and Shanghai, and project and technical development expenses.
 
Stock-based compensation expense. Stock-based compensation expense increased by $0.4 million to $0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2012. The increase was due primarily to the expensing of approximately $0.4 million for the fair value of warrants issued in connection with our consulting agreement with MDC in November 2013.
 
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense was $0.6 million for both of the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and was primarily related to depreciation of our ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant assets.
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures. There was no equity in losses of joint ventures for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared with $0.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2012 which related to our 25% share of the start-up losses incurred by the Yima Joint Ventures and our 50% share of the start-up losses incurred by SES Resource Solutions, Ltd., or SRS.   The losses of the Yima Joint Ventures related to non-capitalizable costs incurred during the design, construction, commissioning and start-up phases. The SRS losses related to development costs including the value of Midas’ contributed services, consulting and travel expenses.   We suspended SRS joint ventures activities in December 2012, and changed from the equity method to the cost method of accounting for Yima Joint Ventures as of June 1, 2013.
 
Foreign currency gain . Foreign currency gain was $31,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and $85,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2012. These amounts resulted from the appreciation of the Renminbi Yuan relative to the U.S. dollar.
 
Interest expense. Interest expense increased by $44,000 to $122,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $78,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2012.   Our interest expense relates to the ZZ Joint Venture’s loans with Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, or ICBC, and its short-term loan with Zaozhuang Bank Co. Ltd., or the ZZ Short-term Loan, as of December 31, 2013.   The increase in interest expense was due primarily to the higher interest rate on the ZZ Short-term Loan borrowed in September 2013, offset, in part, by lower principal outstanding on the ICBC loan due to scheduled principal repayments.   The ZZ Joint Venture repaid its final principal payment of RMB 7.3 million (approximately $1.2 million) to ICBC in January 2014.
 
Six Months Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to the Six Months Ended December 31, 2012
 
Revenue .   Total revenue increased to $5.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $84,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2012.
 
  Our ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 and sold over 10 million tonnes of methanol during the six months ended December 31, 2013 generating approximately $4.4 million of revenue.   Pursuant to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, prior payments of approximately $1.8 million from Xuejiao were applied to settling the prior payments due under the syngas purchase and sale agreement. As a result, the ZZ Joint Venture recognized these related party advances as product sales of approximately $1.5 million, net of value-added taxes, during the three months ended December 31, 2013.
 
There were no technology licensing and related services revenues for the six months ended December 31, 2013, compared to $84,000 of technology licensing and related services revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2012 which resulted from engineering feasibility studies and coal testing services for potential customers.
 
 
23

 
Costs of sales and plant operating expenses. Costs of sales and plant operating expenses increased by $3.8 million to $4.1 million for the six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0.3 million for the six months ended December 31, 2012.   The increase was due principally to the ZZ Joint Venture’s production of methanol from coke oven gas purchased from Xuecheng Energy and from syngas produced by the ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant. Costs include electricity, coke oven gas feedstock, coal feedstock to produce syngas, labor and other operating costs.   In addition, the ZZ Joint Venture incurred approximately $0.4 million during the six months ended December 31, 2013 for non-routine repairs and retrofit expenses incurred for the new operations and restart of its syngas plant. Although the ZZ Joint Venture restarted its syngas plant for approximately two weeks during December 2013, it has since stopped syngas production and is using coke oven gas only as its feedstock until additional coke oven gas supply is available.   The ZZ Joint Venture plans to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase its methanol production capability.
 
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses decreased by $1.6 million to $4.6 million for the six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $6.2 million for the six months ended December 31, 2012. The decrease was due primarily to a reduction of consulting fees resulting from the termination of our consulting agreement with CVE as of August 31, 2013, a reduction in royalty expense due under our licensing agreement with GTI, and other reductions in consulting fees and employee related costs.   Recurring general and administrative expenses consist primarily of compensation, professional and consulting fees, travel, and other costs of our corporate, development and administrative functions in Houston and Shanghai, and project and technical development expenses.  
 
Stock-based compensation expense. Stock-based compensation expense increased by $1.2 million to $1.5 million for the six months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $0.3 million for the six months ended December 31, 2012. The increase was due primarily to the expensing of the fair values of shares and warrants issued in connection with our consulting agreements with CVE and MDC, expensing the excess of the fair value over the consideration paid for shares of common stock and warrants issued to CVE under a unit purchase agreement in August 2013 and expensing the estimated fair values of stock options awarded to employees and directors during the period.
 
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense was $1.1 million for both of the six months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and was primarily related to depreciation of our ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant assets.
 
Equity in losses of joint ventures. The equity in losses of joint ventures was $1,000 for the six months ended December 31, 2013 compared with $0.9 million for the six months ended December 31, 2012 and relates to our 25% share of the start-up losses incurred by the Yima Joint Ventures and our 50% share of the start-up losses incurred by SRS.   The losses of the Yima Joint Ventures related to non-capitalizable costs incurred during the design, construction, commissioning and start-up phases. The losses of SRS related to development costs including the value of Midas’ contributed services, consulting and travel expenses.   The decrease in equity in losses of joint ventures was due primarily to the suspension of the SRS joint ventures activities since December 2012 and due to our change from the equity method to the cost method of accounting for Yima Joint Ventures as of June 1, 2013.
 
Foreign currency gain .   Foreign currency gain was $43,000 for the six months ended December 31, 2013 and $48,000 for the six months ended December 31, 2012.   These amounts resulted from the appreciation of the Renminbi Yuan relative to the U.S. dollar.
 
Interest expense. Interest expense was $0.2 million for both of the six months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.   Our interest expense relates to the ZZ Joint Venture’s loans with ICBC, and its short-term loan with Zaozhuang Bank Co. Ltd., or the ZZ Short-term Loan, as of December 31, 2013. The ZZ Joint Venture repaid its final principal payment of RMB 7.3 million (approximately $1.2 million) to ICBC in January 2014.  
 
 
24

 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
We are in our development stage and have financed our operations to date through private placements of our common stock in and two public offerings, one in November 2007 and one in June 2008. We have used the proceeds of these offerings primarily for the development of our technology including the investments in the ZZ Joint Venture and the Yima Joint Ventures, and to pay other business development and general and administrative expenses. In addition, (as described below) the ZZ Joint Venture has a loan agreement with ICBC which funded certain of its plant’s construction costs, and the ZZ Short-term Loan funded in September 2013 to finance costs related to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement.
 
As of December 31, 2013, we had $12.4 million in cash and cash equivalents, including $2.6 million held by the ZZ Joint Venture, and $3.5 million of working capital available to us.   During the six months ended December 31, 2013, we used $4.3 million in operating activities compared to $6.5 million for the six months ended December 31, 2012.   We used $1.2 million in investing activities for the six months ended December 31, 2013 including $0.6 million for capital expenditures related to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement and $0.5 million for royalties due to GTI for the Yima Joint Venture’s license accounted for as part of our investment in the Yima Joint Ventures.   We used $0.5 million in investing activities for the six months ended December 31, 2012 to funding the start-up and development of SRS.  
 
For both the six months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, we used $1.2 million in financing activities for the scheduled semi-annual principal payments on the ZZ Joint Venture’s loan with ICBC.   On September 10, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture received proceeds of approximately $3.3 million under a short-term bank loan with ZaoZhuang Bank which is due and payable on September 9, 2014.   On August 1, 2013, we received proceeds of $100,000 and issued 136,986 shares of our common stock and issued warrants to acquire 136,986 shares of our common stock under a Unit Purchase Agreement with CVE.   In September and October 2012, we received $9.2 million of gross proceeds from sales of our common stock to Hongye. In October 2012, we received approximately $6.3 million of gross proceeds from sales of our common stock to Zhongmo.  
 
We currently plan to use our available cash for (i) general and administrative expenses; (ii) debt service for the ZZ Joint Venture, including $1.2 million of principal that was repaid to ICBC in January 2014, and $3.2 million of principal due in September 2014 under the ZZ Short-term Loan unless such loan can be refinanced; (iii) $1.0 million royalty due for the Yima Joint Ventures’ license which was paid to GTI in January 2014; and (iv) working capital and other general corporate purposes.   We may also need to make additional contributions to the ZZ Joint Venture in order for it to meet its obligations until the ZZ Joint Venture generates sufficient cash flows to cover its operating costs and debt service.
 
Loan Agreement with ICBC
 
On March 22, 2007, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a seven-year loan agreement and received approximately $12.6 million of loan proceeds pursuant to the terms of a Fixed Asset Loan Contract with ICBC to complete the project financing for the ZZ Joint Venture. Interest was adjusted annually based upon the standard rate announced each year by the People’s Bank of China, and as of   December 31, 2013, the applicable annual interest rate was 6.55%, payable monthly.   The final p rincipal payment of RMB 7.3 million (approximately $1.2 million) was repaid in January 2014. As of December 31, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture was in compliance with all covenants and obligations under the Fixed Asset Loan Contract.
 
 
25

 
Short-term Loan Agreement with Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd
 
On September 10, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a short-term loan agreement with Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd., or the ZZ Short-term Loan, and received approximately $3.2 million of loan proceeds for the retrofit and related costs contemplated by the ZZ Cooperation Agreement. Key terms of the ZZ Short-term Loan are as follows:
 
Loan term is one year, due on September 9, 2014;
 
Interest is payable monthly at an annual rate of 10.8%;
 
Certain assets of the ZZ Joint Venture, including land use rights and the administration building, are pledged as collateral; and
 
Subject to customary events of default which, should one or more of them occur and be continuing, would permit Zaozhuang Bank Co., Ltd. to declare all amounts owing under the agreement to be due and payable immediately.
 
Current Operations and Projects
 
Zao Zhuang Joint Venture
 
Joint Venture Agreement
 
On July 6, 2006, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a cooperative joint venture contract with Shandong Hai Hua Coal & Chemical Company Ltd., or Hai Hua, which established Synthesis Energy Systems (Zao Zhuang) New Gas Company Ltd., or the ZZ Joint Venture, a joint venture company that has the primary purposes of (i) developing, constructing and operating a syngas production plant utilizing the U-GAS ® technology in Zao Zhuang City, Shandong Province, China and (ii) producing and selling syngas and the various byproducts of the plant. In August 2012, Hai Hua’s name was changed to Shandong Weijiao Group Xuecheng Energy Company Ltd., or Xuecheng Energy, after a change in control transaction. We own 97.6% of the ZZ Joint Venture and Xuecheng Energy owns the remaining 2.4%. We consolidate the results of the ZZ Joint Venture in our consolidated financial statements.
 
We successfully operated the ZZ Joint Venture’s syngas plant for over three years through September 2011, and since then held it idle while an expanded commercial structure was negotiated with Hai Hua.  During this operating period, the plant demonstrated the ability to process a wide range of coals, coal washery wastes and lignite coals from Inner Mongolia China and Australia.
 
On July 24, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture entered into a cooperation agreement (the “ZZ Cooperation Agreement”) with Xuecheng Energy and its parent company, Shandong Xuejiao Chemical Co., Ltd. (collectively referred to as “Xuejiao”), which serves to supersede the existing syngas purchase and sale agreement among the parties dated October 22, 2006 and supplemented previously in 2008. The ZZ Cooperation Agreement, which became effective on October 31, 2013, represents the basis for an integrated syngas to methanol operation and resolution of the nonpayment of the contractual capacity fees by Xuejiao.  Under the terms of the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, Xuejiao will (i) provide the ZZ Joint Venture with use of their methanol plant for ten years at no cost to the ZZ Joint Venture, (ii) provide a bank loan guarantee of approximately $3.2 million for a majority of the financing necessary for the ZZ Joint Venture for the retrofit and related costs of the ZZ Joint Venture plant, (iii) waive certain advances previously made to the ZZ Joint Venture and (iv) supply discounted coke oven gas produced by its existing coke ovens to be used in combination with synthesis gas to produce refined methanol from the new ZZ Joint Venture integrated syngas methanol operation. The new integrated operation will be managed by the ZZ Joint Venture.  
 
Effective October 31, 2013, the ZZ Joint Venture terminated and waived its claims to past due capacity fees owed by Xuejiao under the prior syngas purchase and sale agreement. Pursuant to the ZZ Cooperation Agreement, prior payments of approximately $1.8 million were applied to settling the prior payments due under the syngas purchase and sale agreement. As a result, the ZZ Joint Venture recognized these related party advances as product sales of approximately $1.5 million, net of value-added taxes, during the three months ended December 31, 2013.
 
The ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 and sold 10,127 tonnes of methanol during the three months ended December 31, 2013 generating approximately $4.4 million of revenue.   The ZZ Joint Venture has worked to complete the plant retrofits and equipment upgrades to enable increased methanol production from integrated syngas and coke oven gas feedstock.   The ZZ Joint Venture is now operating an integrated plant which has two operating modes where it (i) converts coke oven gas directly to methanol and (ii) converts coal to syngas, then blends the syngas and coke oven gas at a specific ratio to produce additional quantities of methanol.  The ZZ Joint Venture began producing and selling methanol in November 2013 from coke oven gas.   The ZZ Joint Venture restarted its syngas plant for approximately two weeks during December 2013 . In January 2014, the ZZ Joint Venture produced methanol only from coke oven gas due to lower coke oven gas supplies during the cold weather.   The ZZ JV intends to campaign syngas production in order to optimize results. The syngas facility will generally operate when adequate coke oven gas supplies are available to achieve the correct syngas to coke oven gas blend ratio.   The ZZ Joint Venture expects to resume syngas production in the near term and is also working to secure additional sources of coke oven gas from a local supplier in order to increase methanol production.
 
 
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Additionally, we are also evaluating alternative products and partnership structures for a possible expansion of the ZZ Joint Venture plant. In 2010, the ZZ Joint Venture received the necessary government approval for an expansion.   This expansion project remains under evaluation by us.   We are also evaluating certain new downstream technologies to produce high value products. 
 
Until the ZZ Joint Venture generates sufficient cash flows to cover its operating costs and debt service, we may need to make additional contributions to the ZZ Joint Venture in order for it to meet its obligations, including the ZZ Short-term Loan due in September 2014 unless such loan can be refinanced.
 
Yima Joint Ventures
 
In August 2009, we entered into amended joint venture contracts with Yima Coal Industry (Group) Co., Ltd., or Yima, replacing the prior joint venture contracts entered into in October 2008 and April 2009. The joint ventures were formed for each of the gasification, methanol/methanol protein production, and utility island components of the plant, or collectively, the Yima Joint Ventures. The amended joint venture contracts provide that: (i) we and Yima contribute equity of 25% and 75%, respectively, to the Yima Joint Ventures; (ii) Yima will guarantee the repayment of loans from third party lenders for 50% of the project’s cost and, if debt financing is not available, Yima is obligated to provide debt financing via shareholder loans to the project until the project is able to secure third-party debt financing; and (iii) Yima will supply coal to the project from a mine located in close proximity to the project at a preferential price subject to a definitive agreement to be subsequently negotiated. In connection with entering into the amended contracts, we and Yima contributed remaining cash equity contributions of $29.3 million and $90.8 million, respectively, to the Yima Joint Ventures during the three months ended September 30, 2009. We will also be responsible for our share of any cost overruns on the project.
 
In exchange for such capital contributions, we own a 25% interest in each joint venture and Yima owns a 75% interest. Notwithstanding this, in connection with an expansion of the project, we have the option to contribute a greater percentage of capital for the expansion, such that as a result, we would have up to a 49% ownership interest in the Yima Joint Ventures.
 
The remaining capital for the project has been funded with project debt obtained by the Yima Joint Ventures. Yima agreed to guarantee the project debt in order to secure debt financing from domestic Chinese banking sources. We have agreed to pledge to Yima our ownership interests in the joint ventures as security for our obligations under any project guarantee. In the event that the necessary additional debt financing is not obtained, Yima has agreed to provide a loan to the joint ventures to satisfy the remaining capital needs of the project with terms comparable to current market rates at the time of the loan.
 
The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned and methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013.   The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers.
   
Under the terms of the joint venture agreements, the Yima Joint Ventures are to be governed by a board of directors consisting of eight directors, two of whom were appointed by us and six of whom were appointed by Yima. The joint ventures also have officers that are nominated by us, Yima and/or the board of directors pursuant to the terms of the joint venture contracts. We and Yima shall share the profits, and bear the risks and losses, of the joint ventures in proportion to our respective ownership interests. The term of the joint venture shall commence upon each joint venture company obtaining its business operating license and shall end 30 years after commercial operation of the plant.
   
We have experienced little ability to influence the Yima Joint Ventures’ operating performance and we are relying on Yima's management to achieve an efficient ramp up to full operations.   As of June 1, 2013, we concluded that we are unable to exercise significant influence over the Yima Joint Ventures, resulting in certain accounting changes described in “Note 2 – Joint Ventures - Yima Joint Ventures.”  Our conclusion regarding our lack of significant influence is based on our interactions with the Yima Joint Ventures related to the start-up and operations and due to various other circumstances including limited participation in operating and financial policymaking processes and our limited ability to influence technological decisions.   We are continuing to attempt to improve our influence on the Yima Joint Ventures.
 
 
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We have included approximately $3.0 million of royalty costs due to GTI for the Yima Joint Ventures’ U-GAS ® license as part of our investment in joint ventures on our consolidated balance sheet including a $1.5 million payment paid to GTI in June 2009 (when the amended joint venture contracts were signed), a $0.5 million payment in October 2013, and $1.0 million of payments in January 2014.
 
GTI Agreement
 
On November 5, 2009, we entered into an Amended and Restated License Agreement, or the GTI Agreement, with GTI, replacing the Amended and Restated License Agreement between us and GTI dated August 31, 2006, as amended. Under the GTI Agreement, we maintain our exclusive worldwide right to license the U-GAS ® technology for all types of coals and coal/biomass mixtures with coal content exceeding 60%, as well as the non-exclusive right to license the U-GAS ® technology for 100% biomass and coal/biomass blends exceeding 40% biomass.
 
In order to sublicense any U-GAS ® system, we are required to comply with certain requirements set forth in the GTI Agreement. In the preliminary stage of developing a potential sublicense, we are required to provide notice and certain information regarding the potential sublicense to GTI and GTI is required to provide notice of approval or non-approval within ten business days of the date of the notice from us, provided that GTI is required to not unreasonably withhold their approval. If GTI does not respond within that ten business day period, they are deemed to have approved of the sublicense. We are required to provide updates on any potential sublicenses once every three months during the term of the GTI Agreement. We are also restricted from offering a competing gasification technology during the term of the GTI Agreement.
 
For each U-GAS ® unit which we license, design, build or operate for ourselves or for a party other than a sublicensee and which uses coal or a coal and biomass mixture or biomass as the feed stock, we must pay a royalty based upon a calculation using the MMBtu per hour of dry syngas production of a rated design capacity, payable in installments at the beginning and at the completion of the construction of a project, or the Standard Royalty. If we invest, or have the option to invest, in a specified percentage of the equity of a third party, and the royalty payable by such third party for their sublicense exceeds the Standard Royalty, we are required to pay to GTI an agreed percentage split of third party licensing fees, or the Agreed Percentage, of such royalty payable by such third party. However, if the royalty payable by such third party for their sublicense is less than the Standard Royalty, we are required to pay to GTI, in addition to the Agreed Percentage of such royalty payable by such third party, the Agreed Percentage of our dividends and liquidation proceeds from our equity investment in the third party. In addition, if we receive a carried interest in a third party, and the carried interest is less than a specified percentage of the equity of such third party, we are required to pay to GTI, in our sole discretion, either (i) the Standard Royalty or (ii) the Agreed Percentage of the royalty payable to such third party for their sublicense, as well as the Agreed Percentage of the carried interest. We will be required to pay the Standard Royalty to GTI if the percentage of the equity of a third party that we (a) invest in, (b) have an option to invest in, or (c) receive a carried interest in, exceeds the percentage of the third party specified in the preceding sentence.
 
We are required to make an annual payment to GTI for each year of the term, with such annual payment due by the last day of January of the following year; provided, however, that we are entitled to deduct all royalties paid to GTI in a given year under the GTI Agreement from this amount, and if such royalties exceed the annual payment amount in a given year, we are not required to make the annual payment. We must also provide GTI with a copy of each contract that we enter into relating to a U-GAS ® system and report to GTI with our progress on development of the technology every six months.
 
For a period of ten years, we and GTI are restricted from disclosing any confidential information (as defined in the GTI Agreement) to any person other than employees of affiliates or contractors who are required to deal with such information, and such persons will be bound by the confidentiality provisions of the GTI Agreement. We have further indemnified GTI and its affiliates from any liability or loss resulting from unauthorized disclosure or use of any confidential information that we receive.
 
The GTI Agreement expires on August 31, 2016, but may be extended for two additional ten-year periods at our option.
 
 
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Outlook
 
Our strategies are focused on the continuing success of the ZZ Joint Venture’s methanol production including the syngas plant’s restart, and sourcing suitable partners for a significant portion of our SES China business and our other business verticals. The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned and methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013.   The Yima Joint Venture plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers and is providing a commercial demonstration of our technology on a much larger scale than the ZZ Joint Venture plant.  Our business is to create value by supplying our technology, equipment and services into global projects where lower cost low quality coals, coal wastes, municipal wastes, agricultural biomass, and other biomass feedstocks can be profitably converted through our proprietary gasification technology into clean synthesis gas, or syngas (a mixture of primarily hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane), which is then used to produce a variety of high value energy, power, and chemical products.
 
Our business model is to deploy our technology on a global basis via supplying a technology package, containing license rights to operate a project using our technology, gasification system equipment, and technology related services. As part of our overall strategy we intend to form strategic regional and market-based partnerships or business verticals where our technology offers advantages and through cooperating with these partners grow an installed base of projects. Through collaborative partnering arrangements we believe we will commercialize our technology much faster than entering these markets alone.  This is a low capital intensity business approach which we believe can generate attractive margins for us through providing our technology differentiated equipment and services in multiple market segments globally with a potential to build meaningful sales opportunities over time. We also believe that our technology business activities will help advance our capabilities and provide opportunities which may allow us to selectively participate as equity partners in such projects in the future. Additionally, we are continuing to improve our technology in ways we believe will enhance our competitive position. We are pursuing other possible technology licensing opportunities with third parties allowing us to build on our capability as demonstrated at both the ZZ Joint Venture and the Yima Joint Venture. We are focusing our efforts globally with our partners in countries with large low rank coal resources, but our principal operating activities to-date have focused on China and India.
 
We and GE Packaged Power, Inc., a subsidiary of GE, have agreed to jointly evaluate and market a distributed power generation unit combining our gasification technology with GE’s aeroderivative gas turbines. This application marketing arrangement will focus on regions of the world where conversion of non-conventional feedstock sources such as lignite and coal wastes into synthesis gas fuel via our technology may be highly price  advantaged over conventional gas turbine fuel sources such as natural gas and fuel oil.  Together with GE, we have completed a preliminary evaluation of this application of our combined technologies. Under the terms of this agreement, the two businesses on a non-exclusive basis will complete the market evaluation and seek initial customers for this small scale power product.  We, along with our distributed power collaborators, GE, ISTROENERGO GROUP, Inc. and TUTEN Ltd, have signed our first LOI with Karachi Electric Supply Company, or KESC. KESC is a large electric utility company in Karachi, Pakistan with over 2.3 GW of installed electric generating capacity. The exclusive LOI calls for a feasibility engineering and financial evaluation of a coal gasification power generation project with a capacity between 90 and 200 MW to be constructed near Karachi. The completed feasibility study will serve as the basis for further discussions and negotiations for a syngas power plant contract.  We believe the distributed power segment offers opportunity over time to provide meaningful sales opportunities for our gasification technology and equipment systems. We intend to focus on the continued development of this business vertical.
 
We are working on licensing opportunities and other business arrangements with high-profile steel companies who are active in the DRI industry. In addition, we are also developing additional business vertical opportunities to integrate our technology with DRI steel making technology for a coal-to-steel solution and for evaluating projects that can make methanol and derivatives from refuse derived fuels from our technology. We have completed two paid studies during fiscal 2013 with potential partners to assess integrating our technology into these applications and the results of these studies indicated a very cost effective solution with highly efficient integrations. Our goal for these two business verticals is to find strategic partnering to provide a complete technology and equipment package offering.
 
We intend to focus on developing new opportunities for our proprietary technology whereby we may (i) integrate our technology package with downstream technologies to provide a fully integrated offering, (ii) partner with engineering, equipment and technology companies to provide our technology package into an integrated modular product offering, (iii) provide technology to enable coal resources to be integrated together with our technology where the coal resources may be of little commercial value without our conversion technology, or (iv) acquire or partner with owners of these coal resources to create more value and opportunity for us through the integration of our technology with the coal resource. We understand the need to partner in certain markets, and plan to do so with companies that we believe can help us accelerate our business. For example, we have entered into an agreement with Simon India Ltd, a subsidiary of Zuari Global Ltd, to exclusively market our technology in India where we believe the market for coal gasification plants is now developing due to large infrastructure growth demands and an increasing need for a variety of basic chemical and energy products. Our partnering approach in some cases is country specific and in some cases is industry or market segment specific. Additionally, where strategic relationships and capital and/or financing is available, we may acquire operating assets with potential to generate near term earnings and provide us with advantages in deploying our technology. Examples of such assets include methanol fuel-blending facilities, compressed natural gas fuel operations and operating coal mines. We are also actively pursuing business verticals in the diversified  segments of transportation fuels, steel and fertilizers where our technology is specifically well suited and developing new downstream coal-to-chemicals and coal-to-energy projects which may expand our initial focus to include facilities producing SNG, MTG, glycol, and power and reducing gas for the steel industry.
 
 
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SES China is intended to be a stand-alone business platform that encompasses all of our current and future business activities and initiatives in China.   We believe that SES China will better enable us to grow faster in China than otherwise possible and to better protect our intellectual property and technology in China.  In addition, we expect to work more effectively with our existing partners to efficiently leverage the other business verticals we are developing including clean renewable fuels and power businesses, direct reduction iron for the steel industry, clean coal-to-chemicals projects, and for longer term value creation, larger scale SNG projects utilizing low rank coal resources and biomass. We continue to make progress on partnering a significant portion of SES China with a financially strong and highly skilled Chinese company which desires to invest into the growth of China’s clean energy space and who recognize the opportunity afforded by our technology capability and business model.  We believe partnering a significant portion of SES China can, with the right Chinese partner, accelerate the commercialization of our technology on a global basis and will enable us to reduce our capital requirements to achieve this acceleration.
 
We are also actively pursuing new project partners to invest in our ongoing development efforts. The Yima Joint Venture plant’s refined methanol section has been fully commissioned and methanol production was approximately 80% of its capacity during the three months ended December 31, 2013.   The plant is designed to produce 300,000 tonnes per year of methanol from operating two of its three available gasifiers. The Yima Joint Venture plant is being closely watched by our potential customers and partners in China and globally. We expect the Yima project to be a major catalyst for securing much of the new business we have been developing.   We are a 25% partner in the Yima Joint Venture and will report d